Traditional teaching methods in medicine are gradually being replaced by those based on principles of good practice and effectiveness in the wider world of adult education.
Brookfield (1986) and Knowles (1975) described some of the fundamental principles of adult education.
Adults learn best when they
Are helped reflect on their practice
Identify strengths and weaknesses
Resolve conflict between educational wants and needs
Negotiate their learning objectives
Articulate learning outcomes for themselves
Analyse how they have learned
Agree plans for further development.
Self-directed learning can be defined as
A process that involves taking the initiative with or without the help of others in diagnosing learning needs, identifying resources for learning, choosing and implementing appropriate learning strategies, and evaluating learning outcomes.
The process of learning can be illustrated as a cycle